Causes and Events of the War of 1812: A
Compiled by Robert Henderson
This chronology shows visually when the political, military, and European events took place in relation to each other. For example four days after the United States declared war on Great Britain, Napoleon made the fatal mistake that eventually ended his reign by invading Russia. Links will eventually be added to this listing so the reader take click for additional information on an event or select at book that deals with the topic.
Military Events in Europe
||June 22: The Chesapeake Affair: USS Chesapeake fired
on and boarded by the HMS Leopard off Norfolk, Virginia
13-14: Battle of Friedland between French and Russians
July 9 After making peace with Russia, Napoleon bans trade with Great Britain.
March 4: James Madison is inaugurated as president of the United States
September 30: Brock becomes Lieut.Governor of Upper Canada
October 12: Prevost becomes Governor- in-Chief and Commander of all forces in British North America
November 4: US War Congress convenes
November 7: Battle of Tippecanoe were US defeats Indians
|March 5: French pull out of Portugal and consolidate around Salamanca, Spain|
June: Baltimore Riots start against anti-war Federalists
June 1: Madison's recommendation to Congress to declare war over sailor's rights and British support of western frontier tribes.
June 4: House of Representatives passes war bill
June 18: Senate passes House bill Madison signs War Bill.
June 19: U.S. President Madison declares war or Great Britain.
October 20: Sheaffe becomes Lieut. Governor of Upper Canada
August 16: British forces under Brock capture Fort Detroit.
August 19: USS
Constitution vs. HM Frigate Guerriere
September 3 : Indian attack at Pigeon Roost Creek
September 4: Indians attack Fort Harrison
September 5: Indians attack Fort Madison
September 6: Indians attack Fort
September 16: Americans fail in capturing batteaux convey at Toussiant Island of the St. Lawrence River
September 21: American attack and capture village of Gananoque in the Thousand Islands area
October 9: Two British schooners captured off Fort Erie; small skirmish near Fort Erie
November 27: US attacks the outlying fortifications of Fort Erie
November 28: U.S. invasion attempt at Frenchman's Creek repulsed.
December 18: Battle of Mississnewa
December 26: Royal Navy expands blockade to Chesapeake and Delaware Bays
| January 19: British storm Ciudad Rodrigo, Portugal
April 6: British repulsed at Badajoz, Spain
June 24: Napoleon invades Russia
July 22: Wellington's famous victory at
August 13: British Army enter Madrid
October 21: British give up siege of Burgos, Spain.
November 29: Napoleon's shattered army exits Russia
June 19: de Rottenburg becomes Lt. Governor of Upper Canada
January 19: Skirmish at the River Raisin.
January 23: Massacre of US wounded at River Raisin
February 6: U.S. raid on
Brockville on the St. Lawrence River.
April 15: US army occupies West
May 25: U S. bombards and
destroys Fort George.
June 6: British victory at
June 24: Capture of US forces at
July 27: Engagement at Burnt Corn
July 31: British victory at
September 9: British Fleet on
Lake Erie defeated and capture by US under Perry.
November 3: Battle of Tallushatchee
November 9: Battle of Talladega
December 20: British begin to
lay waste to the East Niagara River area in retaliation for the burning of Newark.
June 4: armistice between France and Russia, and Prussia
August 10: armistice ends between France and Russia and Prussia
August 12: Austria declares war on France
October 16-18: Napoleon defeated at the Battle of Leipzig marking the beginning of the end for his reign.
August:US public credit collapses and banks suspend specie payments
August 8: Peace negotiations begin in Ghent and Great Britain offers initial peace terms
August 9: US and Creek nation sign the Treaty of Fort Jackson
October 21:British offer peace on the basis of 'uti posseditis'
November 27: Britain drops the 'utis posseditis'
December 15:Hartford Convention- US adopts additional internal taxes
December 24: Treaty of Ghent signed to end war.
January 22: Battle of Emuckfau
January 24: Battle of Enotachopco
March 27: Battle of Horseshoe
April 25: Royal Navy extends blockade to New England
May 6: British capture Oswego.
July 18: U.S. troops burn St. Davids.
July 19: British capture La Prairie du Chien.
August 13-14: British begin
siege of Fort Erie.
Sept. 13-14: Siege of Fort McHenry (Battle of Baltimore) - "Star Spangled Banner" is inspired by British mortars and rockets.
September 17: British assault fails against Fort Erie.
December 23: Initial skirmishes around New Orleans
March 31: Allies enter Paris
May 30: British Infantry march to Bordeaux to set sail for North America; First Treaty of Paris signed.
8, 1815: News of Peace first arrives in North America.
|January 8, 1815: Battle of New Orleans.
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